4. According To Riis What Are The Reasons That So Many Abandoned Babies Died In Nyc?

What reason does Jacob Riis give for the poor living conditions in New York’s tenements?

Riis believes that the city attracts people to live. At this time most of the people don’t have much money so cheap lodging houses bring them in. Slums were full poor individuals, while Chinatown was very clean and had a very wide and diverse space for individuals to socialize and to immigrate and live in.

What was Jacob Riis trying to expose?

While living in New York, Riis experienced poverty and became a police reporter writing about the quality of life in the slums. He attempted to alleviate the bad living conditions of poor people by exposing their living conditions to the middle and upper classes.

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Who does Riis blame for the conditions of the other half?

Riis blames the greed of the landlords for the condition of the tenements.

How the other half lives and dies in New York?

How the Other Half Lives: Studies among the Tenements of New York (1890) is an early publication of photojournalism by Jacob Riis, documenting squalid living conditions in New York City slums in the 1880s.

What problems does Jacob Riis see with life in city tenements?

Although many cities instituted housing codes and built sanitation facilities, many poor neighborhoods remained crowded and dirty. Epidemics of diseases like typhoid, smallpox, & tuberculosis, were routine.

How did Jacob Riis help the poor?

Riis called for proper lighting and sanitation in the city’s lower-class housing. He asked citizens from the upper and middle classes help the poor. Police commissioner Roosevelt was inspired by these suggestions. He closed the more dangerous tenements.

How did Jacob Riis impact the progressive movement?

Jacob A. Riis (1849–1914) was a journalist and social reformer who publicized the crises in housing, education, and poverty at the height of European immigration to New York City in the late nineteenth century. Riis helped set in motion an activist legacy linking photojournalism with reform.

What did Jacob Riis take pictures of?

By the late 1880s, Riis had begun photographing the interiors and exteriors of New York slums with a flash lamp. Those photos are early examples of flashbulb photography. Riis used the images to dramatize his lectures and books.

What was one of the dangers of living in a tenement?

Cramped, poorly lit, under ventilated, and usually without indoor plumbing, the tenements were hotbeds of vermin and disease, and were frequently swept by cholera, typhus, and tuberculosis.

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Why were the tenement houses originally a blessing?

A report to the Legislature of 1857 had stated “in its beginning, the tenant- house became a real blessing to that class of industrious poor whose small earning limited their expenses, and whose employment in workshops, stores, or about the warehouses and thoroughfares, render a near residence of much importance(Riis 7-

Why were the conditions of tenements a concern to many?

Living conditions were deplorable: Built close together, tenements typically lacked adequate windows, rendering them poorly ventilated and dark, and they were frequently in disrepair. Vermin were a persistent problem as buildings lacked proper sanitation facilities.

Why did sinks stink in tenements?

According to How the Other Half Lives, why did sinks stink in tenements? They were old and rusty. They were filled with waste water.

Why did Jacob Riis take photographs?

While working as a police reporter for the New York Tribune, he did a series of exposés on slum conditions on the Lower East Side of Manhattan, which led him to view photography as a way of communicating the need for slum reform to the public.

What did the tenement Act of 1901 require?

a New York State Progressive Era law which outlawed the construction of the dumbbell-shaped style tenement housing and set minimum size requirements for tenement housing. It also mandated the installation of lighting, better ventilation, and indoor bathrooms.

What laws were passed because of Jacob Riis?

Photo of tenements by Jacob Riis, c. 1900. Increasing awareness by the public of poor living conditions led to housing reform such as the Tenement House Act of 1901.

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