- 1 How does acid mine drainage damage nearby streams and groundwater?
- 2 What is acid mine drainage how does it affect the environment?
- 3 How does acid mine drainage affect the quality of water?
- 4 How is acid mine drainage remediated?
- 5 Where is acid mine drainage a problem?
- 6 What are three common metals found in acid mine drainage?
- 7 What is the root cause of acid mine drainage?
- 8 What is the main reason for acid mine drainage?
- 9 How long will Acid Mine Drainage continue?
- 10 What is acid mine drainage and how does it form?
- 11 What is acid mine drainage PDF?
- 12 How can we prevent acid mine drainage?
- 13 Is acid mine drainage harmful to humans?
- 14 Why is subsurface mining more expensive?
How does acid mine drainage damage nearby streams and groundwater?
Acid mine drainage can change the color of a stream into red or orange. As the iron settles out of the water, it can form red, orange, or yellow sediments in the bottom of streams. The acidic runoff further dissolves heavy metals such as copper, lead, mercury into groundwater or surface water.
What is acid mine drainage how does it affect the environment?
Acid mine drainage is the most significant environmental pollution problem associated with mining industry. The low pH value of the discharge mine water results in the further dissolution of minerals and release of toxic metals, when it allowed getting discharge into other water bodies.
How does acid mine drainage affect the quality of water?
As a result of its acidity, AMD dissolves rock material and may contain a range of toxic metals. Water can become saline when AMD is neutralised through its reactions with rocks and, when mixing with other resources, can contaminate underground and surface waters.
How is acid mine drainage remediated?
Some common methods include: Reclamation of contaminated land by (1) adding lime or other alkaline materials to neutralize the acidity, and (2) adding uncontaminated top soil, planting vegetation, and modifying slopes to stabilize the soil and reduce infiltration of surface water into underlying contaminated material.
Where is acid mine drainage a problem?
Acid mine drainage (AMD) is one of the major water quality issues in Colorado and at locations throughout the western U.S. USGS and INSTAAR researchers are collaborating on a variety of AMD projects as well as investigations of naturally-occurring acid rock drainage (ARD).
What are three common metals found in acid mine drainage?
This produces a mine water discharge characterized by elevated acidity, high concentration of sulfates and metals such as Fe, Cu, Zn, Co, Cr, Mn, Pb, Cd and other elements .
What is the root cause of acid mine drainage?
Mine drainage is formed when pyrite (an iron sulfide) is exposed and reacts with air and water to form sulfuric acid and dissolved iron. The acid runoff further dissolves heavy metals such as copper, lead, and mercury into groundwater or surface water.
What is the main reason for acid mine drainage?
Acid mine drainage (AMD) is the runoff produced when water comes in contact with exposed rocks containing sulfur-bearing minerals that react with water and air to form sulfuric acid and dissolved iron. This acidic run-off dissolves heavy metals including copper, lead, and mercury which pollute ground and surface water.
How long will Acid Mine Drainage continue?
It is not unusual for surface or underground mines to continue to yield AMD for many years or decades after mining has ceased. Legacy mining in the Appalachian Coal Region has numerous mines that continue to yield AMD more than 100 years after closure.
What is acid mine drainage and how does it form?
Acid mine drainage is the formation and movement of highly acidic water rich in heavy metals. This acidic water forms through the chemical reaction of surface water (rainwater, snowmelt, pond water) and shallow subsurface water with rocks that contain sulfur-bearing minerals, resulting in sulfuric acid.
What is acid mine drainage PDF?
Acid mine drainage (AMD) is acidic water having pH of. less than 5, and also containing iron, sulfate and other metals which are formed under natural. conditions when hardrock mines containing pyrite are exposed to the atmosphere or oxidizing.
How can we prevent acid mine drainage?
The most effective method to minimize penetration of air and water through the waste pile is to use a cover, either wet (water) or dry (soil) which is placed over the waste pile. Despite their high cost, these covers cannot always completely stop the oxidation process and generation of AMD.
Is acid mine drainage harmful to humans?
When pyrite reacts with air and water it forms into the deadly liquid, sulfuric acid. Since pyrite contains iron sulfide, when it runs into the streams the water turns red, yellow or orange. Acid mine drainage is a worldwide problem; it leads to ecological damages to watersheds and contamination of humans resources.
Why is subsurface mining more expensive?
Underground mining is more expensive because it’s more capital intensive. Proper ventilation system is also needed to supply necessary oxygen to miners working underground, and to dilute, render harmless, and carry away the hazardous components of mine air (including methane that is potentially explosive).