Readers ask: Why Were Harappa And Mohenjo-daro Abandoned?

Why did Mohenjo-daro and Harappa disappear?

Many scholars believe that the collapse of the Indus Valley Civilization was caused by climate change. Some experts believe the drying of the Saraswati River, which began around 1900 BCE, was the main cause for climate change, while others conclude that a great flood struck the area.

How did Harappan civilization come to an end?

Answer: Regular floods destroyed the area. Aryan invaders killed people and destroyed the Indus Valley Civilization. Thus it took hundred of years again for India to have beautiful cities like Mohen-jo-daro and Harappa.

When Mohenjo-Daro was built and abandoned?


Type Settlement
Area 250 ha (620 acres)
Founded 26–25th century BCE
Abandoned 19th century BCE


What happened to Harappa?

The civilization developed about 5,200 years ago, and slowly disintegrated between 3,900 and 3,000 years ago — populations largely abandoned cities, migrating toward the east. Like their contemporaries in Egypt and Mesopotamia, the Harappans, who were named after one of their largest cities, lived next to rivers.

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Who discovered Harappa?

The Harappa site was first briefly excavated by Sir Alexander Cunningham in 1872-73, two decades after brick robbers carried off the visible remains of the city. He found an Indus seal of unknown origin. The first extensive excavations at Harappa were started by Rai Bahadur Daya Ram Sahni in 1920.

Who found Mohenjo Daro?

Mohenjo – daro was discovered in 1922 by R. D. Banerji, an officer of the Archaeological Survey of India, two years after major excavations had begun at Harappa, some 590 km to the north. Large-scale excavations were carried out at the site under the direction of John Marshall, K. N.

In what country is Harappa located now?

Harappa, village in eastern Punjab province, eastern Pakistan. It lies on the left bank of a now dry course of the Ravi River, west-southwest of the city of Sahiwal, about 100 miles (160 km) southwest of Lahore. Remains of the artisans’ quarter excavated at Harappa, in Pakistan.

What major public buildings did Mohenjo-Daro have?

The Great Granary is one of the significant buildings of the civilisation found in Mohenjo – Daro, along with the Great Bath. The Great Bath is found in the middle of Mohenjo – Daro.

What was Harappa famous for?

The people of the Indus Valley, also known as Harappan ( Harappa was the first city in the region found by archaeologists), achieved many notable advances in technology, including great accuracy in their systems and tools for measuring length and mass.

Why Mohenjo Daro is called mound of dead?

The name Mohenjo – daro is reputed to signify “the mound of the dead.” The archaeological importance of the site was first recognized in 1922, one year after the discovery of Harappa. Subsequent excavations revealed that the mounds contain the remains of what was once the largest city of the Indus civilization.

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Which was the largest city of Mohenjo Daro?

Mohenjo – daro was one of the largest city -settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization of south Asia. It is in province of Sindh, Pakistan. The city was built around 2600 BC. It was one of the early urban settlements in the world.

Which is the oldest civilization in the world?

The Sumerian civilization is the oldest civilization known to mankind. The term Sumer is today used to designate southern Mesopotamia. In 3000 BC, a flourishing urban civilization existed. The Sumerian civilization was predominantly agricultural and had community life.

How did old civilizations die?

Some historians, for instance, point to a major drought, exacerbated by deforestation and soil erosion, as the impetus for the societal collapse, while others put the blame on a disease epidemic, a peasant revolt against an increasingly corrupt ruling class, constant warfare among the various city-states, a breakdown

What does Harappa mean?

Harappa in British English (həˈræpə ) an ancient city in the Punjab in NW Pakistan: one of the centres of the Indus civilization that flourished from 2500 to 1700 bc; probably destroyed by Indo-European invaders.

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